If your new to MMA, then today’s post will help you out a lot, because today we are going to look at the rules in MMA bouts and how UFC Results are scored when a fight goes to the decision.
As MMA grows in popularity globally every year, it is important that everyone is educated on exactly what is allowed and what is not allowed in MMA bouts and how these fights are scored.
With MMA in its infancy as a sport, there are still unfortunately a large number of people that see MMA as nothing but violent barbarians banging into each other.
For all lifelong martial artists and MMA fans like myself, we know that this stigma is nothing but uneducated judgements from people who have yet to realise the commitment, skill, athletic ability and strength of character that is required to be a top MMA fighter in 2017.
The rules we are going to discuss in this post might be boring for some, but they are so important because they are in place first and foremost to protect the fighters as much as possible given the situation of an MMA bout.
So lets get started –
What are the definitions?
So lets get familiar with basic terms first, so MMA (Mixed martial arts) means unarmed combat between two athletes involving the use of a variety of techniques from various disciplines martial arts, including – grappling, submission holds, kicking and striking.
“Unarmed Combat” means any form of competition in which a strike is thrown and landed, in the hope and expectation to inflict injury to your opponent in order end the bout.
These MMA bouts are governed by the limitations set forth in the Unified Rules and other regulations of the applicable Commission where the contest is being held.
“Commission” means the applicable athletic commission or regulatory body of the government who oversee the bouts, exhibitions and competitions of sanctioned mixed martial arts.
Here’s a video where UFC referee John McCarthy discuses new updates to the unified rules –
How many weight divisions are there?
So with the approval of The Commission and its executive directors, the classes for mixed martial arts bouts or exhibitions are currently as follows:
Strawweight – up to 115 pounds
Flyweight – over 115 pounds to 125 pounds
Bantamweight – over 125 to 135 pounds
Women’s Bantamweight – over 125 to 135 pounds
Featherweight – over 135 to 145 pounds
Lightweight – over 145 to 155 pounds
Welterweight – over 155 to 170 pounds
Middleweight – over 170 to 185 pounds
Light Heavyweight – over 185 to 205 pounds
Heavyweight – over 205 to 265 pounds
Super Heavyweight – over 265 pounds
In non-championship fights, there is 1 pound over the weight limit which is allowed for the combatants. In championship fights though, the contestants must weigh exactly the weight that is permitted for the relevant weight class.
In the event a fighter is not able to meet these weight division parameters, then usually there will be a fine in the form of 20% of that fighters show money being forfeited to the opponent, and depending on the situation may result in the fight being cancelled.
The Commission also approves catch weight fights in situations similar to the above, subject to their review and discretion. For example, the Commission can allow the contest to have a higher weight at say 177 pounds, if it is deemed to be safe, fair and competitive.
This situation can be common when for instance, one fighter has been inactive for a long period of time and is having difficulty making the weight in his first training camp back. But there are many reasons why a catch weight bout can happen, and fighters are well within their legal rights to request a catch weight for an upcoming sanctioned bout as long as the time frames and reasons are reasonable, but it also may be turned down.
Also within this, if one athlete weighs say 170 pounds while the opponent weighs 173 pounds, the Commission can still decide to allow the bout to proceed. Of course this is dependant on them viewing that the contest would still be safe, fair and competitive, despite the fact that the two combatants technically weighed in at different weight classes.
Can they fight in any kind of ring?
No, as expected there are many rules and guidelines that a fight promotion like the UFC or Bellator has to adhere to in terms of fighting area requirements.
Mixed martial arts fights and exhibitions are allowed to be held in a ring or a fenced area. However, this ring or cage must have ropes or fencing, be specific sizes and heights, being made with strong and stable materials, with sufficient padding etc.
In the UFC and even Bellator you will only ever see a cage being used for fights, as rings with ropes in today’s world of MMA is mainly reserved for smaller fight promotions apart from some large Asian organisations like Rizin.
How long do the rounds go?
So how do they judge it?
Well this can be an interesting topic to have with different fighters! As at times there can seem to be inconsistencies that can happen, but lets not get into all of that now.
Across the board all fights are scored by 3 judges, who then evaluate the fight from different locations around the ring/cage. These judges have to be fully impartial which again can be a contentious subject at times, but that is the parameters and of curse none of the referees can be judges.
The fights are scored under the 10-Point Must System – under this system the winner of the round must be awarded 10 points and 9 or less must be awarded to the lose of the round, apart from if a round is exceptionally close in which case it can be scored a 10-10 draw.
The judges predominantly are evaluating the use of mixed martial arts techniques, such as effective striking, effective grappling (meaning take downs, reversals and submission attempts), control of the ring/fighting area, effective aggressiveness and defence etc.
So thats the basics with that.
Is anything legal?
Well once upon a time in the inception, the beginning of MMA, it was a brutal sport meaning, there wold be close to no rules and you could do anything to your opponent.
But now the sport of MMA has been made much safer for fighters, as well as being more streamline to audiences by implementing more rules. So to give a quick over view, the following is a list of fouls in current MMA bouts:
- Butting with the head
- Eye gouging of any kind
- Spitting at an opponent
- Hair pulling
- Fish hooking
- Groin attacks of any kind
- Putting a finger into any orifice or any cut or laceration of an opponent
- Small joint manipulation
- Striking downward using the point of the elbow
- Striking to the spine or the back of the head
- Kicking to the kidney with a heel
- Throat strikes of any kind, including, without limitation, grabbing the trachea
- Clawing, pinching or twisting the flesh
- Grabbing the clavicle
- Kicking the head of a grounded opponent
- Kneeing the head of a grounded opponent
- Stomping a grounded opponent
- Holding the fence
- Holding the shorts or gloves of an opponent
- Using abusive language in fenced ring/fighting area
- Engaging in any unsportsmanlike conduct that causes injury to an opponent
- Attacking an opponent on or during the break
- Attacking an opponent who is under the care of the referee
- Attacking an opponent after the bell has sounded the end of the round
- Timidity, including, without limitation, avoiding contact with an opponent, intentionally or consistently dropping the mouthpiece or faking an injury
- Throwing opponent out of ring/fighting area
- Flagrantly disregarding the instructions of the referee
- Spiking an opponent to the canvas on his head or neck
- Interference by the corner
- Applying any foreign substance to the hair or body to gain an advantage
If a foul is committed the referee will call a timeout (provided he sees the foul), and he will assess the best way to proceed in the fighters safety before the fight restarts. For example in the event of a low blow or eye poke, the referee will automatically give up to 5 minutes to the fighter to recover.
During this recovery period, doctors may come in the ring/cage as a precaution or at the behest of the referee, to check that the fighter is healthy to continue fighting.
Disqualification can occur if there is a combination of fouls from one fighter, or after a flagrant foul is committed at the discretion of the referee. If the illegal strikes were accidental but caused significant damage, then the fight may be ended as a No Contest by the referee.
What are the types of results to a contest are there?
Well in the world of MMA you never know what can happen from one fight to the next in terms of what events could happen in the fight, but no matter what there is only certain ways the contest can end, and they are as follows:
- Submission by physical or verbal tap out.
- Knockout by the referee stopping the bout (TKO), an injury from a legal strike ends the bout (TKO) or when a combatant has been rendered unconscious due to strikes or kicks (KO)
- Decision via the scorecards, including:
- Unanimous Decision – When all three judges score the contest for the same contestant
- Split Decision – When two judges score the contest for one contestant and one judge scores for the opponent
- Majority Decision – When two judges score the contest for the same contestant and one judge scores a draw
- Draws, including:
- Unanimous Draw – When all three judges score the contest a draw
- Majority Draw – When two judges score the contest a draw
- Split Draw – When all three judges score differently
- Technical Draw
- Technical Decision
- No Decision
Welcome to the World of MMA
Ok I’m satisfied now that you have been given a good education today on all the rules that go into MMA bouts, and how UFC results happen.
If you have learnt the rules of MMA, how it is governed and the beauty of the sport then I’m happy, and even if you still see MMA as a “bad sport” at the very least I’m sure you have still learnt something about MMA and yourself.
Now we will continue to break down the rules and regulations again in future posts because it is all relative to the world of MMA, and as we saw earlier in the video by UFC veteran referee John McCarthy there are also occasional tweaks that are made that are always worth noting.
If you want to read and download the whole unified rules of MMA then you can do that right HERE
I hope you enjoyed today’s post, and as always if you have any questions, comments or general feedback then let me know in the comments below and I will get back to you – stay tuned for more from the MMAGateway.
Thanks for reading!