The roots of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu actually stems from Japan, because Japanese Jiu–Jitsu (which was practiced as Judo after 1925 by the Japanese government) was first created by Kano Jigoro, which was then introduced to Carlos Gracie and the Gracie family in Brazil around 1914 by Esai Maeda, who was also known as Conde Koma, which basically meant Maeda was one of Jigoros top students from Kodokan in Japan, that was sent overseas to spread the art. Maeda was born in 1878 in Hirosaki, and first became a student of Judo (Kano’s Jiu–Jitsu) in around 1897.
However it was Helio Gracie that began to further develop the Gracie Jiu Jitsu style, as a more direct and practical modification of Judo focusing on ground fighting, because he had found in testing all variety of Judo techniques, that some moves were ineffective when there is a requirement to go in direct opposition to an opponents strength.
So the Gracie family essentially just named their style Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu or Gracie Jiu-Jitsu when they went to the United States to spread the art.
Then from there it was really when Royce Gracie began competing in the first UFC event in 1993, that the western world was introduced to the power of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu within real time fights on live tv – Royce Gracie submitted Art Jimmerson in the first round, and ever since then thousands of Mixed Martial Artists around the world have developed successful careers simply from being experts in this once style alone.
So what’s the philosophy of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?
So to explain simply – BJJ promotes the valid concept that a smaller, weaker person can successfully defend against a bigger, stronger opponent by using effective technique, leverage, and most notably, taking the fight to the ground, where the focus is to then apply joint-locks and chokes to force the opponent to submit, pass out or suffer serious limb damage.
And as a final footnote, I will say that Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu as my explanation suggests is essentially an excellent first martial art for a smaller person to learn, and in my opinion it is the best martial art for a woman to learn, because the very premise of the style allows for much weaker opponents to find a way to win a fight against a much stronger opponent –
so for anyone looking for a new martial art to begin, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is an amazing Martial, with an amazing history, and a humble community, so its a great choice for beginners to martial arts, and is an essential skill set for a top MMA fighter in today’s top organisations. Some of the best Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu artists in the sport of MMA currently that I suggest you watch are the likes of Demian Maia, Fabricio Werdum, Jacare Souza.
Some Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu techniques I am familiar with are: Rear Naked Choke, Triangle Choke, Straight Armbar, Americana Armlock, Guillotine, Kimura, Ankle Lock, Knee bar, A’arce choke, Omoplata, Head and arm choke, Anaconda choke, Gogoplata, North South choke, Peruvian Neck tie – there are plenty of others, but these are the techniques that tend to be most effective in MMA – there are many more techniques that are involved in wearing the Gi.
Here’s a video for anyone looking to start training Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu –
If you are interested in learning how to start MMA from home, or just to squeeze more training into your schedule, then read my review HERE.
If you want to look at various techniques right now then go HERE.